안녛하세요? I hope everyone’s alright today. If not, well tomorrow’s always another day. And today is another day which means another lesson. New learning! Now we’ll talk about consonants. Yeah! Consonants!
I do hope you can still remember the 10 consonants and the 10 vowels we already learned. If not, just review. Click on the menu bar and search for Korean 101. As far as advice goes, PRACTICE, PRACTICE, AND PRACTICE! Listen to KPop or other Korean music, watch K-Dramas and movies, read their books and magazines, try opening a Korean website and practice reading, talk to a Korean friend, and PRACTICE.
Our first consonant of the day is “ㅋ”.
Sound value (음자): [kh]
“ㅋ” is pronounced as “K” as in “king”. It is aspirated or pronounced forcefully with puffs of air. Remember “ㄱ” with soft air coming out? To produce the “ㅋ” sound, assume the position when pronouncing “ㄱ” but this time exert a greater force letting out a stronger air. The air should be enough to move a paper in front of your mouth or blow a candle.
Now practice speaking and reading “ㅋ”. We will practice writing after all four consonants are complete. We will practice combining them with vowels. Again, we must remember that a consonant alone or a vowel alone can’t stand on its own. It should ALWAYS be a pair.
The second consonant of the day is “ㅌ”. Nope, that’s not the letter E.
Sound value (음자): [th]
“ㅌ” is pronounced as “T” as in “talk.” Like “ㅋ”,it is also aspirated. It is the aspirated variant of the consonant “ㄷ”.
Now practice speaking and reading “ㅌ”.
The third consonant is “ㅍ”.
Letter (글자): ㅍ
Sound value (음자): [ph]
“ㅍ” is pronounced as “P” as in “pill”. “ㅍ” is the aspirated variant of “ㅂ”. Now practice speaking and reading “ㅍ”.
The fourth consonant is “ㅊ”.
Letter (글자): ㅊ
Sound value (음자): [tʃ h]
“ㅊ” is pronounced as “Ch” as in “change”. “ㅊ” is the aspirated variant of “ㅈ”. Now practice speaking and reading “ㅊ”.
ㅋ, ㅌ, ㅍ, and ㅊ are the aspirated variants of ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, and ㅈ. The sounds are produced by combining ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, and ㅈ with the aspirated ㅎ sound. The air puffed from the mouth should blow a piece of paper.
Now we can combine the consonants with vowels.
ㅋ +ㅏ =카
ㅌ +ㅓ =터
ㅍ +ㅗ =토
ㅊ +ㅜ =추
Now you can practice writing while reading out loud.
Now we can read even more Korean words. Next time, we’ll learn the last five consonants- the double consonants. Thank you so much! 감사합니다!
Words for the day:
카드 – card
파리- fly (insect)
기처표- train ticket