자음 1 (Consonant 1)

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Today, I’ll be talking about the 10 basic consonants in Hangeul. That’s 24 more characters to go! We’re getting there. And now we start with the first consonant.

The first consonant is “ㄱ”.

Letter (글자):ㄱ

Sound Value (음가): [k/g]

“ㄱ” is read as “k” or “g” as in “great”. The g in “great” or k in “kiss” is spoken in a relaxed manner. Soft air should come out from the mouth like a whispered air on paper. Try pronouncing “ㄱ” with a piece of paper in front of your lips. The paper should flutter with the slight movement.

Now practice speaking and reading “ㄱ”. We will practice writing later after the introduction of the consonants. We will learn to combine consonants with vowels. We must remember that no Korean alphabet can stand alone and all Korean words are made of syllables.

The second consonant is “ㄴ”.

Letter (글자):ㄴ

Sound Value (음가): [n]

“ㄴ” is read as “n” as in “nose”. Pretty easy, right?

The third consonant is “ㄷ”.

Letter (글자): ㄷ

Sound Value (음가): [t/d]

“ㄷ” is read as “d” or “t” as in “tall” or “doll” but spoken in a relaxed manner. Similar to “ㄱ”, soft air should pass between the lips to produce the sound.

The fourth consonant is “ㄹ”.

Letter (글자): ㄹ

Sound Value (음가):[r/l]

“ㄹ” is read as “l” or “r” as in “lung” or “rock”. Some Koreans have difficulty in pronouncing the letter R in the English alphabet because the R sound could not be found in Hanguel. “ㄹ” is used for the substitution of this sound.

The next consonant is “ㅁ”.

Letter (글자): ㅁ

Sound Value (음가): [m]

“ㅁ” is read as “m” as in “mother” or “mop”.

The sixth consonant is “ㅂ”.

Letter (글자): ㅂ

Sound Value (음가): [p/b]

“ㅂ” is read as “b” or “p” as in “bat” or “park”. Similar to “ㄱ” and “ㄷ” soft air should also be released through the lips and teeth.

The seventh consonant is “ㅅ”.

Letter (글자): ㅅ

Sound Value (음가): [s]

“ㅅ” is read as “s” as in “soul” or “store”.

The eight consonant is “ㅇ”.

Letter (글자): ㅇ

Sound Value (음가): [ᴓ/ŋ]

“ㅇ” as we first learned has no sound value when paired with a vowel and only acts as a place order. However, when ” ㅇ” is used as a받침 (batchim), which we will later learn, it is pronounced “ng” as in “king” or “sing”.

The ninth consonant is “ㅈ”.

Letter (글자): ㅈ

Sound Value (음가): [tʃ/j]

“ㅈ” is pronounced as “j” as in “Julia” but in a relaxed manner similar to “ㄱ”, “ㄷ” or “ㅂ”.

The tenth consonant is “ㅎ”.

Letter (글자): ㅎ

Sound Value (음가): [h]

“ㅎ” is pronounced as “h” as in “hope” or “high”.

Now we are in the exciting part of combining the vowels with consonants. Always remember that the consonant should be written first (on the left or on top) before the vowel.

ㄱ+ㅏ=가

가 can now be read as “ga”.

ㄴ+ㅓ=너[neo] (Don’t you dare read this as NIYO. Remember the  sound.)

ㄷ+ㅗ=도 [do]

ㄹ+ㅜ=루 [ru]

ㅁ+ㅡ=므 [meu]

ㅂ+ㅣ=비 [bi]

ㅅ+ㅏ=사 [sa]

ㅇ+ㅓ=어 [eo]

ㅈ+ㅗ=조 [jo]

ㅎ+ㅜ=후 [hu]

Practice like the table below. Remember: Read while you write.

자음/모음
     ㅂ

Next time, we’ll talk about double vowels. Thank you for visiting!  감사합니다!

Flashcards

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